AMCAP | Association of Media and Communication Academic Professionals

AMCAP-PPC 2019 International Media Conference

Media and Violent Extremism

February 26 - 27, 2019

Bahria University, Islamabad , Pakistan


While Pakistan has been witnessed of numerous significant religious and political conflicts, it is also in the grip of extremism and violence. From sectarian attacks to anti-minority violence to anti-state insurgencies, Pakistan has faced a number of internal conflicts with varying degrees of intensity and concern. The state’s response has largely resorted to kinetic warfare, with successful military operations conducted to eliminate terrorist strongholds and destroy their networks.

Though the state has responded to this threat with successful military operations, the problem needs a more holistic approach, where all stakeholders need to put in concerted and consistent efforts to deal with the threats of extremism and violence. There has been a realization that communications has an increasingly important role to play in this conflict.

There has been a shift in recognizing the role of media and communications in the extremist threat. Militant organisations have been quite potent in their ability to motivate and justify their actions using extremist rhetoric. The mainstream media is still adjusting to cope with developing professional standards on conflict reporting, given that much of the sector is prone to sensationalism and inaccuracy in the quest for ratings. Though social media effects remain significant in the use of online hate speech and hate material to incite violence against individuals and groups, it remains an unexplored territory for empirical research in the Pakistani context. In this environment, there is a serious need to examine the role of the media in chronicling and contextualizing extremism and its violent manifestations.

For this purpose, Pakistan Peace Collective (PPC), a project of the Ministry for Information, Broadcasting, National History and Literary Heritage, organized the 1st International Conference on Media and Violent Extremism in Islamabad on February 27, 2019. The conference brought together leading international and national academics, practitioners and researchers in the field to deliberate/examine/on the relationship between the media, the state and the narratives on extremism and violence in Pakistan.

The conference sought research papers that delved into various themes encompassing the role of the state in conflict communications and media coverage. This included an exploration of state interests and media portrayal concerning conflicts, state narratives, and responses to terrorism and extremism, political perspectives on terrorism, as well as the depiction of military operations, war narratives, and media coverage. Another focal point of interest lay in the evolution of the terrorist threat and media representation in Pakistan, examining language and labels used in media coverage of terrorism and extremism, narratives of militant actors, and security coverage in the media, encompassing aspects related to police and military operations. Additionally, the conference encouraged submissions on media narratives concerning intra-faith and anti-minority violence, covering topics such as sectarian conflict and anti-minority violence. Lastly, a significant area of focus involved social media and conflict, exploring the utilization of social media by militant groups, the influence of social media on conflict coverage, and addressing issues related to fake news, misinformation, and the incitement of hatred against individuals or groups.


  • Association of Media & Communication Academic Professionals (AMCAP)
  • Pakistan Peace Collective (Ministry of Information and Broadcasting Pakistan) 
  • Bahria University Islamabad


Conference Program
Day-One February 26, 2019 (Tuesday)
9:00 - 10:30 AM Registration
10:30 - 12:00 PM Inauguration 
12:00 - 13:30 PM Plenary Session 1: Peace Journalism: Global Challenges & Perspectives
13:30 - 14:15 PM Lunch
14:15 - 15:45 PM Theme 1: National Interest, Media and Conflict Coverage  State Narratives on Conflict and the Media
Pakistan and conflict: International media perspectives
Military operations, political narratives and the media 
Perceptions on Terrorism and Media Response 
15:45 - 16:00 PM Tea
16:00 - 17:30 PM Theme 2: Media narratives on interfaith and intra-faith violence  Media perspectives on religious violence
 Anti-minority violence and media narratives in Pakistan 
Conflict communications: Faizabad Dharna Case Study
Day-Two February 27, 2019 (Wednesday)
09:00 - 11:00 AM Theme 3: Evolution of terrorist threat and media coverage Plenary Session 2: The rise of terrorism and media perception on Pakistan 
Law Enforcement Agencies: Public perceptions and media
Conflict reporting: Psychological effects on public
Terrorist attacks and media coverage
11:00 - 11-15 AM Tea
11:15 – 13:00 PM Theme 4: Social media and conflict in Pakistan  Security Challenges in Pakistan: Response and Way Forward
13:00 - 15:00 PM Social media, dangerous speech and online extremism: The Role of Facebook
Social media, hate speech and the public
 Fake news and Hybrid warfare 
15:00 - 15:45 PM Lunch
15:45 - 17.20 PM

Grand Debate: PTV Special Program

Conflict Reporting in Pakistan – Challenges and Opportunities
17.30 PM

Closing Session